Category Archive: Civilization & Culture

Mar 30

Sasanian Era, The (Idea of Iran)

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As I was preparing to take my leave after a longish pause into which we had fallen as into a vague dream, she came out of it with a start and a quiet sigh. Another Greek mechanical genius, Hero, developed the gear and the crank and -- more important -- summed up all the mechanical knowledge of his day in a three volume treatise, 'Mechanics'. The Tethys Ocean grew during the Triassic, and in the Jurassic there were no more island barriers on the Tethys�s east end.� The Paleo-Tethys was finally squeezed out of existence by islands that became part of Eurasia.� The shallow margins of the Tethys became the greatest oil source in Earth�s history.� The Proto-Tethys and Paleo-Tethys oceans also formed oil deposits, but about 70% of the world�s oil deposits initially formed during the Mesozoic�s anoxic events, primarily along the Tethys�s margins.� In the Middle East, Caspian Sea, Western Russia, North Africa, Gulf of Mexico, and Venezuela virtually all of the oil deposits were laid down by dying and preserved organisms along Tethyan shores.� In the early Triassic, along the west end of what became North America, oceanic plate subduction under continental plates initiated a series of volcanic and mountain-building events that continue to this day. �The foundations of the Sierra Nevada mountain range were formed then.� I have spent my fair share of time hiking through them .� Low-oxygen Meso zoic oceans saw the rise of unusual biomes.� In methane seeps in the Mesozoic�s global ocean floor, bivalves and brachiopods formed symbiotic relationships with chemosynthetic organisms that digested methane. [312] � All over the world, scientists have been amazed to find rock layers almost entirely comprised of shells of those innovative, low-oxygen surviving shelled animals. [313] As with cli ch� images of Carboniferous rainforests that depict giant dragonflies, the clich� dinosaur image has volcanoes in the background ( 1, 2 ).� The Mesozoic began and ended with tremendous volcanic eruptions, and major eruptions dotted the Mesozoic.� Those eruptions vented vast amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and were responsible for the high carbon dioxide levels that dominated the Mesozoic, according to GEOCARBSULF and its subsequent corrections, which made it such a hot era.� Hot seas also do not hold as much oxygen as cold seas, which contributed to the anoxic events that continually visited Mesozoic oceans, particularly the Tethys.� Ho t, low-oxygen air is hostile to animal life, and during the Triassic, many reptiles beat the heat by migrating back to the oceans where their ancestors hailed from. [314] � Those seagoing reptiles soon dominated Earth�s oceans in complex life's greatest migration from land to sea.� Ichthyosaurs, which looked like reptilian dolphins, first appeared about 245 mya and survived for about 150 million years.� The ancestors of plesiosaurs also appeared when ichthyosaurs did.� By 215 mya, some ichthyosaurs became gigantic; one species reached more than 20 meters in length and had Earth�s largest eyes ever, at about the size of dinner plates. [315] � Ichthyo saurs hunted the squid�s ancestors (which could become fairly large ), Earth�s other big-eyed animals, but feasted on a wide variety of prey as the late Triassic oceans� apex predators.� Also, a shellfish-eating cousin of plesiosaurs lived in the Triassic.� Aquatic reptiles overcame Carrier�s Constraint, and many aquatic reptiles of the Mesozoic seem to have become warm-blooded and also gave live birth.

Mar 30

Twentieth-Century, an Almanac

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The church simply has nothing to do with the whole area of social and kindred problems. There are many signs which suggest that this conviction is becoming more deeply rooted in people's minds. Though this world may give us numerous challenges, when we rise above the basic materialistic view and its limited search for solutions, our evolutionary development on all levels greatly accelerates. Culture can be well learned by some people in the group and less well learned by others... �Cultures borrow and share rules...

Mar 30

The Fun Bits Of History You Don't Know About BRITISH EMPIRE

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I left behind me the end of the Cannebi re, a wide vista of tall houses and much-lighted pavements losing itself in the distance with an extinction of both shapes and lights. Then she thanked me for bringing her there and presently three peasants appeared, waiting for us, two youths and one shaven old man, with a thin nose like a sword blade and perfectly round eyes, a character well known to the whole Carlist army. The Medes are credited with the foundation of the first Iranian empire, the largest of its day until Cyrus the Great established a unified Iranian empire of the Medes and Persian, often referred to as the Achaemenid Persian Empire, by defeating his grandfather and overlord, Astyages the king of Media.

Mar 30

Women, Gender and Identity in Third Intermediate Period

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In its simplest form Farah and Karls (2001) describes imperialism... There was, so to speak, always an unfailing smoke on the hill and an unfailing lantern on the shore. Assyrians - The Assyrians came out of the northern part of Mesopotamia. For a brief period in history, there was the glory of a Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere. However, interweaved within the story of a young 10 year old girl stuck in a supernatural world, lies evidence of Japanese traditions that Hayao Miyazaki wishes to make visible to the audience.

Mar 29

Venice's First Witch "A perfect crime"

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Christians and Jews were as welcome as Muslims. Serenissima - No Building of Settlers nor Annexing of Cities - you can only fully control one City, but get double the Trade Routes your tech level would normally provide. For those w ho fear skies filled with colliding craft: that will not happen.� The days of human-piloted craft are quickly coming to an end.� By 2012, automobiles without drivers had logged a half million kilometers of driving the USA�s highways without incident, and self-driving cars marketed by the early 2020s are predicted.� By the time that antigravity craft are made for public use, I would expect that they will all be computer-piloted.

Mar 29

The Court of Burgundy

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Cairo possessed excellent hospitals which also drew physicians from other lands including Ibn Butlan, author of the famous Calendar of Health, and Ibn Nafis who discovered the lesser or pulmonary circulation of the blood long before Michael Servetus, who is usually credited with the discovery. This instructive book carries in itself a life-transforming value. The mind will be thinned out and gradually it will become your obedient servant. You achieve wisdom from awareness that yields positive outcomes.

Mar 29

Legacy of Mesoamerica, The: History and Culture of a Native

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Yet it seemed to me that she exaggerated her raptures for some reason or other. It�s effect is pretty much the reverse of the Caravansary, providing a boost to routes that connect INTO a city." These quatrains have been translated into almost every known language and are largely responsible for colouring European ideas about Persian poetry. I don't believe you are evil at all in your innocent little heart.

Mar 29

Tartan For Me!: Suggested Tartans for Scottish,

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The restorer of peace and bestowal of understanding, the creator and he who has indeed made Islam a source of world knowledge and civilization. Its astronomers looked into the heavens, named the stars, and paved the way for space travel and exploration. That would not be much of a technical feat, in light of these other dynamics. Tribute payments inevitably provoked impoverishment, resentment, and rebellion. I don't want to be indiscreet, I don't want to ask you where you were.

Mar 29

A Short History of the Roman Republic

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Driving north out of Samawa towards Baghdad, a short way beyond the Euphrates bridge, a tarmac track leaves the main road, heading eastwards into a scarred, dun-coloured wasteland. The Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers are both well over 1,000 miles long. It might be a man's world, but femininity laid the foundation for modern civilization, a new study has found. Among these are caskets, in which combs, carved powder boxes, delicate perfume bottles, and the accompanying perfume pins and oil flasks were kept, and the wonderful series of hand mirrors with mythological and genre scenes engraved upon the backs.

Mar 28

History Of Civilization In Europe: From The Fall Of The

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In Iran, the situation to a certain extent resembled that in Turkey. Samskaras are indelibly impressed at this age. We foster a better understanding of Africa in the UK and throughout the world - its history, politics, culture, problems and potential. Another example: in the 19th century, white squatters stole Indian land with the consent of Congress. In the 14th century two successive princes, Yusuf I and Muhammad V, transformed the hill into their official residence.

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